# May 2003 - Elonka Dunin's technique for reading part 3 of the Kryptos sculpture

Thanks go to several people whose previous work on Kryptos gave me a foundation upon which to build.
Especially Douglas Gwyn, Jim Gillogly, Gary Warzin, and Ferdinando Stehle.

Okay, here's how I reverse-engineered part 3, once I heard Ferdinando's '192' number via Gary. I understood that there were simple mathematical formulae for deriving the answer, but I was curious as to whether I could come up with a more straightforward "pencil and paper" visual solution.

The section in question (part 3) was here:

ENDYAHROHNLSRHEOCPTEOIBIDYSHNAIA
CHTNREYULDSLLSLLNOHSNOSMRWXMNE
TPRNGATIHNRARPESLNNELEBLPIIACAE
WMTWNDITEENRAHCTENEUDRETNHAEOE
TFOLSEDTIWENHAEIOYTEYQHEENCTAYCR
EIFTBRSPAMHHEWENATAMATEGYEERLB
TEEFOASFIOTUETUAEOTOARMAEERTNRTI
BSEDDNIAAHTTMSTEWPIEROAGRIEWFEB
AECTDDHILCEIHSITEGOEAOSDDRYDLOT
RKLMLEHAGTDHARDPNEOHMGFMFEUHE
ECDMRIPFEIMEHNLSSTTRTVDOHW?

First, I changed the line endings to put it into regular rows (not including the question mark), as follows:

ENDYAHROHNLSRHEOCPTEOIBIDYSHNAIACHTNREYULDSLLSLL
NOHSNOSMRWXMNETPRNGATIHNRARPESLNNELEBLPIIACAEWMT
WNDITEENRAHCTENEUDRETNHAEOETFOLSEDTIWENHAEIOYTEY
QHEENCTAYCREIFTBRSPAMHHEWENATAMATEGYEERLBTEEFOAS
FIOTUETUAEOTOARMAEERTNRTIBSEDDNIAAHTTMSTEWPIEROA
GRIEWFEBAECTDDHILCEIHSITEGOEAOSDDRYDLORITRKLMLEH
AGTDHARDPNEOHMGFMFEUHEECDMRIPFEIMEHNLSSTTRTVDOHW?

The decoded message started with the character at the far right of the middle row, the "S" (which
may be a tie-in to the reference in the previous section of "ID by Row S"). Then from the "S",
there's a regular pattern. The next letter is exactly four rows down, where you wrap around to the
next column on the left when you have to start over at the top. The next letter is another four rows
down, and so forth. This leads to some nice diagonals:

ENDYAHROHNLSRHEOCPTEOIBIDYSHNAIACHTNREYULDSLLSLL
NOHSNOSMRWXMNETPRNGATIHNRARPESLNNELEBLPIIACAEWMT
WNDITEENRAHCTENEUDRETNHAEOETFOLSEDTIWENHAEIOYTEY
QHEENCTAYCREIFTBRSPAMHHEWENATAMATEGYEERLBTEEFOAS
FIOTUETUAEOTOARMAEERTNRTIBSEDDNIAAHTTMSTEWPIEROA
GRIEWFEBAECTDDHILCEIHSITEGOEAOSDDRYDLORITRKLMLEH
AGTDHARDPNEOHMGFMFEUHEECDMRIPFEIMEHNLSSTTRTVDOHW?

Looking at the above, you can see the first words in the decoded message by starting at the "S",
going down 4 rows (wrapping to the next column to the left when you have to start over at the top)
to "L", down another four rows to "O", then down and around four rows to "W", and so forth, to
get the words, "Slowly, desparatly . . ."

This system would probably work just fine to pull out the entire message by hand, a letter at a time,
but I went poking around for a shortcut, which is what the rest of this file is about. I wanted to get the
letters that were supposed to be consecutive to actually be closer to each other, so I again changed line
endings, this time moving things out into three columns:

```ENDYAHROHNLSRHEOCPTEOIBIDYSHNAIACHTNREYULDSLLSLL NOHSNOSMRWXMNETPRNGATIHNRARPESLNNELEBLPIIACAEWMT WNDITEENRAHCTENEUDRETNHAEOETFOLSEDTIWENHAEIOYTEY
QHEENCTAYCREIFTBRSPAMHHEWENATAMATEGYEERLBTEEFOAS FIOTUETUAEOTOARMAEERTNRTIBSEDDNIAAHTTMSTEWPIEROA GRIEWFEBAECTDDHILCEIHSITEGOEAOSDDRYDLORITRKLMLEH
AGTDHARDPNEOHMGFMFEUHEECDMRIPFEIMEHNLSSTTRTVDOHW?
```

This got the letters for "S L O W L Y" closer to each other, but I wanted the letters to line up
even more, so I changed the spacing a bit to push the letters into alignment, using the starting "S"
as a rotation point. This meant wrapping the question mark from the end to the beginning, and going from
three columns with widths of 48-48-48, to four columns with widths of (47/48)-47-47-3:

```?ENDYAHROHNLSRHEOCPTEOIBIDYSHNAIACHTNREYULDSLLSL LNOHSNOSMRWXMNETPRNGATIHNRARPESLNNELEBLPIIACAEW MTWNDITEENRAHCTENEUDRETNHAEOETFOLSEDTIWENHAEIOY TEY
QHEENCTAYCREIFTBRSPAMHHEWENATAMATEGYEERLBTEEFOAS FIOTUETUAEOTOARMAEERTNRTIBSEDDNIAAHTTMSTEWPIERO AGRIEWFEBAECTDDHILCEIHSITEGOEAOSDDRYDLORITRKLML EHA
GTDHARDPNEOHMGFMFEUHEECDMRIPFEIMEHNLSSTTRTVDOHW
```

Since it was tedious to read backwards, I re-ordered the above three rows, so, numbering them from top
to bottom 1-2-3, I changed the order to 3-2-1:

```GTDHARDPNEOHMGFMFEUHEECDMRIPFEIMEHNLSSTTRTVDOHW
QHEENCTAYCREIFTBRSPAMHHEWENATAMATEGYEERLBTEEFOAS FIOTUETUAEOTOARMAEERTNRTIBSEDDNIAAHTTMSTEWPIERO AGRIEWFEBAECTDDHILCEIHSITEGOEAOSDDRYDLORITRKLML EHA
?ENDYAHROHNLSRHEOCPTEOIBIDYSHNAIACHTNREYULDSLLSL LNOHSNOSMRWXMNETPRNGATIHNRARPESLNNELEBLPIIACAEW MTWNDITEENRAHCTENEUDRETNHAEOETFOLSEDTIWENHAEIOY TEY
```
And then I restacked the columns on top of each other. This was the "kludgiest" of the steps:

GTDHARDPNEOHMGFMFEUHEECDMRIPFEIMEHNLSSTTRTVDOHW
QHEENCTAYCREIFTBRSPAMHHEWENATAMATEGYEERLBTEEFOAS
?ENDYAHROHNLSRHEOCPTEOIBIDYSHNAIACHTNREYULDSLLSL
FIOTUETUAEOTOARMAEERTNRTIBSEDDNIAAHTTMSTEWPIERO
LNOHSNOSMRWXMNETPRNGATIHNRARPESLNNELEBLPIIACAEW
AGRIEWFEBAECTDDHILCEIHSITEGOEAOSDDRYDLORITRKLML
MTWNDITEENRAHCTENEUDRETNHAEOETFOLSEDTIWENHAEIOY
EHA
TEY

Then I unrolled it to get even longer strings. Each strip I pulled off, starting at the right, was 4 columns wide. So, the first strip was:

OHW
FOAS
LLSL
IERO
CAEW
KLML
EIOY

And the second strip I pulled off and placed under the first strip was:

RTVD
BTEE
ULDS
TEWP
PIIA
RITR
ENHA

Once they'd all been pulled off and arranged, I got this *long* column, as follows:

OHW
FOAS
LLSL
IERO
CAEW
KLML
EIOY
RTVD
BTEE
ULDS
TEWP
PIIA
RITR
ENHA
SSTT
EERL
NREY
TTMS
LEBL
YDLO
DTIW
EHNL
TEGY
ACHT
IAAH
LNNE
SDDR
OLSE
FEIM
TAMA
HNAI
EDDN
RPES
OEAO
OETF
MRIP
WENA
IDYS
TIBS
HNRA
ITEG
NHAE
EECD
MHHE
EOIB
RTNR
GATI
EIHS
DRET
FEUH
RSPA
OCPT
MAEE
TPRN
HILC
ENEU
MGFM
IFTB
SRHE
TOAR
XMNE
CTDD
AHCT
NEOH
YCRE
OHNL
UAEO
SMRW
EBAE
EENR
ARDP
NCTA
YAHR
TUET
HSNO
IEWF
NDIT
GTDH
QHEE
?END
FIO
LNO
AGR
MTW
EHA
TEY

Starting at the top right and reading down each entire column, leads to the complete
message (arranged in left-to-right rows here for easier reading):

``` SLOWLYDESPARATLYSLOWLYTHEREMAINSOFPASSAGEDEBRISTHATENCUMBEREDTHELOWERPARTOFTHEDOORWAY
HOLEALITTLEIINSERTEDTHECANDLEANDPEEREDINTHEHOTAIRESCAPINGFROMTHECHAMBERCAUSEDTHEFLAMET
OFLICKERBUTPRESENTLYDETAILSOFTHEROOMWITHINEMERGEDFROMTHEMISTXCANYOUSEEANYTHINGQ?
```
Or, to put it back in the same format as the starting rows:

SLOWLYDESPARATLYSLOWLYTHEREMAINSOFPASSAGEDEBRIST
HATENCUMBEREDTHELOWERPARTOFTHEDOORWAYWASREMOVEDW
ANDCORNERANDTHENWIDENINGTHEHOLEALITTLEIINSERTEDT
HECANDLEANDPEEREDINTHEHOTAIRESCAPINGFROMTHECHAMB
ERCAUSEDTHEFLAMETOFLICKERBUTPRESENTLYDETAILSOFTH
EROOMWITHINEMERGEDFROMTHEMISTXCANYOUSEEANYTHINGQ?

Add in a sprinkling of punctuation, and it comes out to be:

SLOWLY, DESPARATLY SLOWLY, THE REMAINS OF PASSAGE DEBRIS THAT ENCUMBERED THE LOWER
PART OF THE DOORWAY WAS REMOVED. WITH TREMBLING HANDS I MADE A TINY BREACH IN THE UPPER
LEFTHAND CORNER AND THEN WIDENING THE HOLE A LITTLE I INSERTED THE CANDLE AND PEERED
IN. THE HOT AIR ESCAPING FROM THE CHAMBER CAUSED THE FLAME TO FLICKER BUT PRESENTLY
DETAILS OF THE ROOM WITHIN EMERGED FROM THE MIST X CAN YOU SEE ANYTHING Q?

I feel certain that there must be an easier and more graceful way to unravel the message in a visual format, but
this is the one that I came up with. I look forward to seeing other (what I'm sure will be more elegant) solutions!

Elonka Dunin
St. Louis, Missouri
elonka@aol.com
http://elonka.com/kryptos
May 23, 2003